WHAT IS CYBER CRIME AND IT’S TYPE ?
Many of you will know about cybercrime, and there will be many of you who will not know about what is cyber crime and its types. Here in this article we will tell you about cyber crime and its various type.
WHAT IS CYBER CRIME ?
Cyber crime is illegal activity that either targets or uses a computer, a computer network or a networked device.
Data theft is one of the most common cyber crime but is also include cyber bullying or planting viruses. Most cybercrime is done for money. Some cyber crimes are organized. Cyber criminals use advanced techniques. Some cyber criminal are novices.
There are various types of cyber-crimes & some are explained below:
- FRAUD EMAIL AND CALL
- RANSOMWARE ATTACK
- IDENTITY THEFT
- FAKE NEWS SHARING IN SOCIAL MEDIA
- WEBSITE SPOOFING
It is a simple term that defines sending illegal instruction to any other computer or network. Hacking can be fairly harmless. In this case, a person’s personal or sensitive information can be accessed.
The cyber criminal uses a variety of software to crack a person’s computer. The person may not be aware that his computer has been accessed from a remote location.
Internet stalkers are individuals who maliciously monitor the online activity of their victims to terrorize and/or acquire personal information. These stalkers know their victims and instead of resorting to offline stalking, they use the Internet to stalk. However, if they notice that cyberstalking is not having the desired effect, they begin offline stalking along with cyberstalking to make the victims’ lives more miserable.
FRAUD EMAIL AND CALL
You must have heard a lot about this cybercrime and you may have also received such a fraud call. In this type of crime, criminal contacts you through fake messages, call or email in which he declares himself to be an employee of a bank and he has called related to your bank account or cards. He asks for personal details like ATM card information, OTP, password, etc. or asks to click on the link sent by himself. If you mistakenly trust them and give them the details, you will lose the money kept in your account.
Ransomware is a modern day, technical twist on a crime that has been around for ages – extortion. At its core, ransomware works when criminals steal something of great value and demand payment in exchange for its return. For most businesses, this involves the encryption of company data. When ransomware hits, businesses come to a standstill, and employees cannot do their jobs.
This has become a major problem with people using the Internet for cash transactions and banking services. In this cyber-crime, a criminal accesses data about a person’s bank account, credit cards, debit card and other sensitive information to get money or to buy things online in the victim’s name. It can result in major financial losses for the victim and even spoil the victim’s credit history.
FAKE NEWS SHARING IN SOCIAL MEDIA
Some cyber criminals simply work on social networking sites to spread social, religious, & political rumors. Impressed by this, common people inadvertently share the link or post shared by the unknown people in their social media. This causes the user to face legal actions.
The word spoof means to hoax, trick, or deceive. It is when a website is designed to look like a real one & deceive you into believing it is a legitimate site. This is done to get access to your systems, steal data, steal money, or spread malware.